In a two-stage competition, different competition types can be combined, so that the emphasis of the design task is on cityscape ideas in the first stage and on a more detailed building design in the second stage.
The aim of a planning competition is to find a solution which will form the basis for the further development of the project, as well as to select the main architect for the project. The planning competition is most suitable when the intention is to implement the project on the basis of the competition programme. A design competition can be arranged, for instance, for the improvement of a village centre, the design of a school, or for initiating a housing experiment. The procedure is suited both for public and commercial projects. Competitions for the planning of house building projects are usually carried out as open design competitions.
The aim of an ideas competition is to collect different design solutions. The competitions offer alternative guidelines as a basis for decision making and further design. An ideas competition is suitable when the starting points are open, and when free ideas about solutions are desired. An ideas competition can be arranged, for instance, for a new use of an old building or for alternatives for land-use as a basis for further planning.
An architectural competition can also be arranged as a limited competition if possible. Limited competitions are ideal for conventional, clearly-defined projects. In limited competitions the target is laid out simply, on a smaller scale, and does not require extensive documentation from either the organiser or entries.
Such invited competitions, by nature restricted design competitions, can request that participants provide an offer for potential future design services as part of the competition material to be submitted. These price quotations are sent in separate envelopes that are opened only after the entries have been judged and the judges’ comments have been recorded in the report. This kind of method is known in Finnish as a design-and-offer competition (suunnittelu- ja tarjous or SUTA).
Konsthall Tornedalen, winning entry, Lassila / Hirvilammi Architects